(1) double the risk of cataract formation in later life;
(2) three times the risk for macular degeneration, which can lead to a complete loss of central vision;
(3) two or more times the risk of uveitis (a painful inflammation of the interior of the eye);
(4) in diabetics, the risk of diabetic retinopathy (bleeding in the retina) is doubled;
(5) double the risk for dry eye syndrome;
(6) in pregnancy, the infant will be at greater risk for strabismus (eye turn) and underdeveloped optic nerves (permanent, life-long vision loss).
Most studies offer strong evidence that it is never too late to quit; risk for system-wide ill effects begins to drop significantly, and quickly, once you stop – even in people that have had the habit for decades.
Do yourself and those you love a huge favor – talk to your doctor about the various options you have to help you quit!